Handling of Hazardous Waste

hazardousHazardous waste is any waste that adversely affects human health and or pollutes the environment. Waste categorized as hazardous must be toxic, flammable, reactive and or corrosive. This waste is produced by many companies/ industries, institutions and businesses, and can be in gaseous, liquid, sludge/ paste and or solid form. Common waste that falls under the hazardous category includes chemicals, cleaning agents, drugs, medical institutions’ waste, asbestos, batteries, non-edible oils and containers that hold this waste. All processes geared towards managing this waste should be taken with extra caution.

Managing Hazardous Waste

Generation of waste

Due the high health and environmental risk that this waste poses, all human and or industrial processes that generate such waste should be monitored to avoid any leakage of the waste at any point. Hospitals, research and other medical institutions should ensure that all their waste generation processes are contained, and that the waste is directed to hazardous materials containers to avoid contaminating other objects, products or equipments. Special waste containers can be obtained to hold the waste. Industries should ensure their waste transmission vents/ pipes are leak-proof, and that there are always waste containers at the generation of the waste. Small businesses, offices and residents should ensure they identify their waste, categorized as hazardous whatever is hazardous, and put the waste in tight-lid containers.

Transit of the waste to disposal sites

waste managementWaste management companies, also called waste/ garbage removal companies, provide regular or one-off dumpsters to clients’ premises, where they collect the waste and transit it to waste disposal points. Some companies require clients to prepare a list of the waste they have so that they (companies) can help clients decide which waste can be put in one dumpster, and which waste requires a special dumpster. To assist clients with the classification of their waste, these companies may deliver their catalogs/ dumpster with a pre-prepared list of wastes, and all that clients are required to do is tick against the waste that applies to them.

Dumpster rental

Dumpster Rental Companies are under strict instructions to dispose of waste appropriately and, as such, require waste generators to assist them in classifying the waste. These companies lend out dumpsters, and may go ahead to give customers free special containers for any waste that is considered hazardous for clients to put in their waste before its collection. Dumpsters come in varying sizes, and the rental of any size depends on a premises quantity of generated waste, among other factors. Small dry cleaning businesses and offices may, for instance, team up with other similar businesses to combine their waste (hazardous) and rent a small-sized dumpster, once in a while, to collect and dispose off the waste. Industries and medical institutions, on the other hand, may have to rent out big-sized dumpsters since their waste is in high quantities.

Dumpster rental prices

Dumpster Companies lend out their dumpsters at varying fees. The fees are influenced by the size of the dumpster, content of waste, physical location of the generated waste from the removal company and disposal point, company pricing policy, waste container rental period and fuel prices. The content of waste influences garbage can rental pricing because extremely toxic waste, such as Ebola-contaminated waste, require more special handling, equipment and disposal than simple paints or dry-cleaning agents. Long rental periods of dumpsters cost a client more money than when a company delivers the dumpster, loads the waste and hauls it away on the same day. Large dumpsters require special handling, equipment and more experienced staffs, and their rental may, therefore, cost the client more money than the rental of a small dumpster.

Disposal of the waste

Waste (hazardous) is disposed in a different manner from regular non-toxic waste. Some of the waste may require special chemical treatment, before its disposal, to reduce its impact on human health or environment. Hazardous gases, liquids or sludge, such as are emitted from oil refineries, may be burnt and their exhaust emitted into the atmosphere by high-towering exhaust vents. Some hazardous solids are burnt or buried in special designated disposal points. Waste management companies must transport the waste to the special disposal points for that waste, for proper disposal.

Conclusion

Hazardous waste affects the environment, as well as the human health, adversely. Management of such waste is of key importance to all parties and, as such, this waste should be handled with caution from its point of generation, transit and disposal. Common hazardous materials include paints, cleaning agents, medical waste, industrial waste, electronic bi-products and asbestos. Waste removal companies require the assistance of waste generators in labeling their waste, so that appropriate equipment and caution may be employed in handling and disposing the waste.